The virus is a protein molecule (DNA) covered by a protective layer of lipid (fat), which can be absorbed by the cells of the ocular, nasal or buccal mucosa.
It is not killed, but decays. The disintegration time depends on the temperature, humidity and type of material where it lies.
The virus is very fragile; the only thing that protects it is a thin outer layer of fat. That is why any soap or detergent is effective, because the foam CUTS the FAT. That is also why you have to rub so much: for 20 seconds or more, to make a lot of foam.
By dissolving the fat layer, the protein molecule disperses and breaks down on its own.
HEAT melts fat. That is why it is good to use hot water for washing hands, clothes and everything. In addition, hot water makes more foam.
Any mixture with alcohol over 65% DISSOLVES ANY FAT, especially the external lipid layer of the virus.
Any mix with 1 part bleach and 5 parts water directly dissolves the protein, breaks it down from the inside.
NO BACTERICIDE OR ANTIBIOTIC is useful. The virus is not a living organism like bacteria; antibodies cannot kill what is not alive.
The virus is THOUGHT to survive:
between 3 hours on fabric and porous surfaces,
4 hours on copper and wood,
24 hours on cardboard,
42 hours on metal, and
72 hours on plastic.
The virus molecules remain very stable in external cold, or artificial as air conditioners in houses and cars.
They also need moisture to stay stable, and especially darkness. Therefore, dehumidified, dry, warm and bright environments will degrade it faster.
UV LIGHT on any object that may contain the virus breaks down the virus protein.
The virus CANNOT go through healthy skin.
The more confined the space, the more concentration of the virus there can be. The more open or naturally ventilated, the less.
Wash your hands before and after touching mucosa, food, locks, knobs, switches, remote control, cell phone, watches, computers, desks, TV, etc. And when using the bathroom.
Moisturize dry hands from so much washing them, because the molecules can hide in the micro cracks. The thicker the moisturizer, the better.
Keep NAILS SHORT so that the virus does not hide there.
For Healthcare workers:
Take shoes off before entering your home.
Spray alcohol top and bottom of shoes.
Also, wipe down cell phone, glasses, keys, work utensils, and computers.
Throw away any receipt or papers.
Go to where you can take your clothes off and put them in the washer.
Don’t touch or sit in any chairs or beds.
Go to the bathroom to take a shower, brush your teeth, etc.